Fotografi era digital dengan software editing gambar telah membawa perubahan dalam dunia fotografi dengan meningkatnya kesadaran akan sejauh mana hasil foto dapat dimanipulasi. Sebelum era digital ternyata praktek manipulasi foto sudah dilakukan. Faking It: Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop at Metropolitan Museum of Art adalah pameran terbesar pertama fotografi manipulasi sebelum era digital.

Menampilkan sekitar 200 foto yang dibuat antara tahun 1840 hingga 1990 dengan berbagai tema seperti: seni, politik, berita, entertainment dan komersial. Foto-foto dalam pameran ini diubah dengan menggunakan berbagai teknik seperti multiple exposure, combination printing, photomontage, overpainting dan retouching pada negative film atau hasil cetak. Dalam setiap kasus, makna foto secara signifikan berubah dalam proses manipulasi.

Pameran ini dibuka mulai dari tanggal 11 Oktober 2012 dan akan berlangsung sampai 27 Januari 2013. Untuk informasi selengkapnya dapat dilihat di website resmi Metropolitan Museum of Art.

 

1. Man on Rooftop with Eleven Men in Formation on His Shoulders, c1930

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Unknown Artist, American School
Man on Rooftop with Eleven Men in Formation on His Shoulders
ca. 1930
Gelatin silver print
Collection of George Eastman House
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

2. Dream No. 1: “Electrical Appliances for the Home”, c1950

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Grete Stern
Sueño No. 1: “Articulos eléctricos para el hogar” | Dream No. 1: “Electrical Appliances for the Home”
ca. 1950
Gelatin silver print
Twentieth-Century Photography Fund, 2012
Courtesy of Galería Jorge Mara – La Ruche, Buenos Aires

 

3. A Powerful Collision, 1910s

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Unknown Artist, German School
A Powerful Collision
1910s Gelatin silver print The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Funds from various donors, 2010
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

4. Room with Eye, 1930

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Maurice Tabard (French, Lyons 1897–1984 Nice)
Roger Parry (French, 1905–1977)
Room with Eye
1930
Gelatin silver print
The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1962
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

5. Lenin and Stalin in Gorky, 1922 (1949)

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Unknown Artist, Russian
Lenin and Stalin in Gorky, 1922
1949
Gelatin silver print with applied media
Ryna and David Alexander
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

6. Dirigible Docked on Empire State Building, New York, 1930

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Unknown Artist, American
Dirigible Docked on Empire State Building, New York
1930
Gelatin silver print
Twentieth-Century Photography Fund, 2011
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

7. Hearst Over the People, 1939

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Barbara Morgan (American, 1900–1992)
Hearst Over the People
1939
Collage of gelatin silver prints with applied media
The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

8. Two-Headed Man, 1855

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Unknown Artist, American
Two-Headed Man
ca. 1855
Daguerreotype
Nelson-Atkins Museum
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

9. Fading Away, 1858

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Henry Peach Robinson (English, 1830–1901)
Fading Away
1858
Albumen silver print from glass negatives
The Royal Photographic Society at the National Media Museum
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

10. Colorado Springs, Colorado, c1913

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

William Henry Jackson (American, 1843–1942)
Colorado Springs, Colorado
ca. 1913
Collage of gelatin silver prints with applied media
Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, Texas
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

11. Cloud Study, 1856/7

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Gustave Le Gray (French, 1820–1884)
Cloud Study
1856-1857
Albumen silver print from glass negatives
Maurice Sendak
The Estate of Maurice Sendak

 

 12. Aberdeen Portraits No. 1, 1857

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

George Washington Wilson (Scottish, 1823–1893)
Aberdeen Portraits No. 1
1857
Albumen print from glass negative
The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Fund, through Joyce and Robert Menschel, 2011
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

13. The Vision (Orpheus Scene), 1907

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

F. Holland Day (American, Norwood, Massachusetts 1864–1933 Norwood, Massachusetts)
The Vision (Orpheus Scene)
1907
Platinum print
National Media Museum
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

14. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec as Artist and Model, 1892

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Maurice Guibert (French, 1856–1913)
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, Albi 1864–1901 Saint-André-du-Bois)
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec as Artist and Model
1892
Gelatin silver print
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Gift of Henry P. Mcllhenny, 1982-14-2
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

15. Man Juggling His Own Head, c1880

Photo Manipulation Before Digital Age

Saint Thomas D’Aquin
Man Juggling His Own Head
De Torbéchet, Allain & C.
ca. 1880
Albumen silver print.
Collection of Christophe Goeury
Photo Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

 

Via: Met Museum